Đề số 6
Narrator: You will hear a number of different recordings and you have to answer questions on what you hear. There will be time for you to read the instructions and questions, and you have a chance to check your work. All the recordings will be played once only. The test is in 4 sections. At the end of the test, you will be given 10 minutes to transfer your answers to an answer sheet.
Now turn to section 1.
1. Section 1
Narrator: You will hear a conversation between an international student and an acommodation department. You have 30 seconds to look at questions 1 to 3.
MALE VOICE: Yes, we look after accommodation for all the students.
MARIA: Good, I hope you can help me then. I've only just been accepted onto a post-graduate course, and I want to know if there is any accommodation available from this September. I know it's very short notice.
MALE VOICE: Mmmm, yes, it is rather late, but I'm sure we'll be able to find you something. First of all, can you give me your name and student number so that I can find you on the system?
MARIA: Sure, my name is Maria Teresa Gonzalez.
MALE VOICE: Ma-ri-a…Te…re…sa…Gonzalez. How do you spell that?
MALE VOICE: Thank you, got it. And your student number please?
MALE VOICE: S-H-U-3-0-0-7-1-5-P-G. Here you are. Department of Modern Languages.
MARIA: Yes, that's me.
Narrator: You now have 30 seconds to look at questions 4 to 7.
MALE VOICE: OK. Now, there are several options for Post Graduate students. Firstly, there is The Trigon, and this is a new block near to the station and not far from the main campus. Accommodation is what we call 'cluster accommodation'.
MARIA: What does that mean?
MALE VOICE: There's a small group of rooms, usually 6, each with its own bathroom clustered around a lounge/kitchen area which is shared.
MARIA: Oh, I see. That sounds good.
MALE VOICE: They are very popular, the price for these is £99 per week and we do have some availability left. However, for post-graduate students, there are other options.
MARIA: And what are they?
MALE VOICE: There is another apartment block called The Cube located near the west gate of the campus. Accommodation there is in 1 or 2 bedroom self-contained flats.
Narrator: You now have 30 seconds to look at questions 8 to 10.
MARIA: So, the Cube is self-contained. How does that work?
MALE VOICE: Well, basically, they're just like ordinary apartments. Each apartment has one or two study bedrooms with an ensuite bathroom, a lounge, and a kitchen.
MARIA: And what is the price of those?
MALE VOICE: For the one-bedroom, it is £180 per week and for the two-bedroom, it is £110 per week for each person.
MARIA: And can I choose who I share with?
MALE VOICE: If you have a friend and you would like to share with them, of course, we can reserve a two-bedroom apartment for you both. Otherwise, you just have to share with whoever else is there. Obviously, it will be another woman.
MARIA: Mmmm, I will have to think about this. Do I have to make a decision now?
MALE VOICE: No, but we don't have much accommodation left, so I can't guarantee that there will still be availability if you leave it too long.
MARIA: Yes, that's fair. I have a friend in the Management Department who might like to share. I will speak with her and get back to you this afternoon.
MALE VOICE: OK, fine. Do let us know as soon as you can.
MARIA: I will do. Thanks for all your help.
MALE VOICE: My pleasure.
MALE VOICE: Bye.
Narrator: That is the end of section 1. You now have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to section 2.
2. Section 2
Narrator: You will hear a speech given by the Head of a company to some new employees. You have 30 seconds to look at questions 7 to 16.
First of all, a warm welcome to Barkers' Country Safaris. We're delighted to have you all on board for this season. I know you've all been told a bit about the company when you had your job interview, but I thought it would be worth telling you a bit more about ourselves.
Barkers was set up 10 years ago by myself, John, and my then girlfriend and now wife, Nancy. We started it, initially, just as a hobby, we felt that there was a good opportunity to share our love of the countryside in this part of the world with the many visitors who come here. As you know, most people come for the beaches in the summer, but there is so much more to the region and this is what we wanted to exploit.
Nancy and I were born near here and as teenagers, we went climbing, kayaking, white water rafting, pot-holing, and just straight-forward walking. This district is in our blood and we love it!
While we were still at university, we started taking small groups of visitors out into the National Park in Nancy's brother's old Land Rover. We'd drive them around the back lanes and into the forest. We'd also organize rock-climbing tours for friends of friends.
Then, each year, without us having to advertise, people came back to us to ask for more excursions and trips. So, 5 years ago we gave up our other jobs to focus full time on Barkers' Country Safaris. Two years after that we set up the activity tour part of the business, and one year ago we expanded into organizing activities for school groups during term time. Obviously, this was a massive challenge with all the health and safety requirements but it's proving a great success.
Narrator: You now have 30 seconds to look at questions 17 to 20.
Anyway, we'll certainly not be dealing with school parties during the summer holidays. Our clients for the next 3 months are mostly family parties or groups of friends. And I'd like to talk a bit now about the tours we offer and what your responsibilities will be.
Our most popular excursion is the Woodland tour and trail. Often, this is sold out and we have all of our 10 jeeps in convoy, with 8 people in each jeep. It's a lot of fun. These tours really offer a taster of what we can provide, so as both driver and guide, it is important that you do a good job here, so they come back for the bigger tours. I will talk about the commission package later. As the summer days are so long, we have 3 tours each day, but you will not be expected to work on more than two of them. Morning tours start at 8 a.m and go to midday. Afternoon tours are from 2 p.m to 6 p.m and then evening ones, 7 p.m to 11 p.m. All the tours follow the same route and you should have made yourselves familiar with all the key information. This was provided to you in the information pack you were sent when you accepted the job offer. This is important, so if you haven't had time yet, please do so now.
Our second most popular tour is the Family exclusive. This tour is for the whole day and for only one group. Usually, it is just one jeep, but sometimes there are two if the party is large. These tours go from 10 a.m till 5 p.m and include lunch at The Brown Bear in Lower Middleton. We have a number of different routes for these tours as we don't want our premium clients being made to feel they are part of a large package deal. You will be told which route to take with your weekly schedule.
Now, I'd like to move on to the speciality tour packages. These are the ones that are keen to book people on once they have done the Woodland tour and trail trip...
Narrator: That is the end of section 2. You now have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to Section 3.
3. Section 3
Narrator: You will hear a conversation between two students who will discuss a project they’re working on together. You have 30 seconds to look at questions 21 to 27.
MATTHEW: Hey, Jess. Glad you could make it, we've got a lot to discuss.
JESSICA: Hi Matt. Yes, sorry I'm a bit late. I did bring all my notes with me.
MATTHEW: Yes, me too. Where shall we start?
JESSICA: Well, I think it would be a good idea to clarify our objectives just one more time.
MATTHEW: Yes, good idea. OK, here we are. We need to record, photograph, and identify the plant species in ten, one square meter plots.
JESSICA: Does it say anything about where these plots should be and how they should be laid out?
MATTHEW: Ah, here it is. It says that all the plots need to be no more than 10 meters apart.
JESSICA: And how do we choose them?
MATTHEW: Ah, this is the fun part, I remember this. Here we are: "make a one-meter square frame, using bamboo sticks available from the department stores"
JESSICA: Yes, we, we've already done that...
MATTHEW: I know, I'm just reading the whole section.
MATTHEW: One person stands roughly in the middle of the chosen area and throws the frame. The other person uses a tape to mark out the square where the frame landed and returns frame to thrower. The thrower then turns a few degrees on the spot and throws again. The thrower must turn slightly after each throw, and vary the force of the throw until after the 10th throw they are pointing in almost the same direction as the first.
JESSICA: That sounds a bit complicated.
MATTHEW: That's only because it's all in writing. It's just a simple throw, turn, throw, turn, throw turn until we have 10 squares.
JESSICA: And I guess you want to do the throwing.
MATTHEW: Well, if you don't mind. I'm sure you'll be more accurate at marking the squares.
JESSICA: Yes, I'm sure I am. And I'm sure you've got a stronger throwing arm!
Narrator: You now have 30 seconds to look at questions 28 to 30.
MATTHEW: Ok, good, we've got that sorted. Now we need to decide where to go.
JESSICA: Yes, I've been thinking about that, and I've brought the map.
MATTHEW: Oh, well done. I forgot mine.
JESSICA: Now, I've identified three possible locations, but they've all got some disadvantages.
MATTHEW: OK, fire away.
JESSICA: Well, the area around this lowland marsh could be interesting, there'll be a lot of interesting water plants here.
MATTHEW: Looks good, but what's the problem?
JESSICA: Mainly that it's already a designated nature reserve and I think there's already been a lot of research done here.
MATTHEW: Ahhh, I see. Well, I'd rather do something that's new and can be useful.
JESSICA: I agree, that's why I identified this area further west. See, here, behind the beach.
MATTHEW: Oh yes, I see, that area there, where it's flat but quite high.
JESSICA: Exactly. If you look a bit further inland, you'll see that there are hills which will protect that area from the strong north winds.
MATTHEW: I see. Excellent. But what's the problem?
JESSICA: Just that it may not be very interesting. We know that the geology there is not conducive to a wide variety of plants.
MATTHEW: Mmmmm, I agree. So what's your last idea?
JESSICA: Well, I think this one is a bit of a winner, although I did want to show you the other two. Look up here, on the north coast.
JESSICA: See, this bay? Well, I know that there's been quite a lot of studies done here, but a bit further to the east, behind this headland, no one has ever looked at that. Well, I certainly couldn't see any studies.
MATTHEW: That is interesting.....and the plant life could be a bit different because of the shelter from the wind the headland provides.
MATTHEW: Brilliant, Jessica. That's a great idea. We'll go there.
JESSICA: Thanks. Now all we have to decide is when is a good time.
Narrator: That is the end of section 3. You now have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to section 4.
4. Section 4
Narrator: You will hear a lecture about Geo-tourism. You have 30 seconds to look at questions 31 to 34.
Now, I'd like to move on to talk about something called geo-tourism. Geo-tourism is, very basically leveraging the benefits of tourism for local communities. I would just like to give you a couple of statistics, which are very illustrative of the current situation with regard to young travellers and international tourism.
Firstly, tourism has an impact on more people worldwide than any other industry. Indeed, it has an impact on one in every two people, either directly or indirectly. The second statistic is that in global tourism there is a 97% economic leakage. This means that if you spend £100 on going on holiday, normally only £3 of that money will actually reach the people who are giving you the services, and the accommodation, for example, in the destination.
If you put these two figures together, you can understand why some of the regions of the world which have very high levels of tourism still have very high levels of poverty and huge developmental challenges. These countries have this massive industry demanding a huge number of services, but they are not seeing a fair reward for these services. Geotourism is about changing this.
Narrator: You now have 30 seconds to look at questions 35 to 40.
Projects are now being developed with financial organizations such as the World Bank. One of these involves developing a technology platform which is bringing grass-roots travel products such as hotels, locally owned hotels, not global chains, very locally owned tour operators to the international travel market, therefore avoiding the middlemen. These middlemen often cut them out of the market completely or just make their business unsustainable.
Another way that geo-tourism can be promoted is through the niche travel market of volunteering. These days a significant number of older teenagers want to spend a 'gap year', either between school and university, or university and employment. Often, these people want to spend some or all of their year volunteering but they either don't have the money or don't feel inclined to pay the main 'volunteering organization businesses' the fees they require, which can be as high as thirty-five hundred pounds.
What they are looking for is an organization who can connect them with people "on the ground", who can suggest worthwhile local projects. So, this is a real win-win scenario. The organizers charge a small flat fee, which then goes to the local contact. Thus, the local contact gets a very good commission just for one customer. The customer is also saving a large amount of money and time both of which they can give to the projects they end up working on.
There is still quite a long way to go before poverty in the most popular of tourist areas is eradicated, but a focus on this type of geo-tourism could provide an answer.
Narrator: That is the end of section 4.