· Listening,Transcript

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Đề 2

1. Section 1

Narrator: You will hear two people organizing a going-away party for a mutual friend. First, you have some time to look at questions 1 to 4. You will see that there is an example which has been done for you. On this occasion only, the conversation relating to this will be played first.

Man: Hey Bruce, looks like we got some planning to do for Albert’s going-away party, right?

Bruce: There are certainly something we have to talk about now.

Man: Yeah, that’s better than doing everything at the last minute.

Bruce: Okay. So I can write some notes as we talk.

Man: Sure thing.

Bruce: So when should we have the party?

Man: Hmm, he goes to Thailand on the 26th of August.

Bruce: Let’s have it on the 24th then.

Man: Yes, let me see. That’s a Friday. That’d be perfect.

Narrator: The day of the going-away party is the 24th, so 24th August has been written I the space. Now we shall begin. You should answer the questions as you listen because you will not hear the recording a second time. Listen carefully and answer questions 1 to 4.

Man: Hey Bruce, looks like we got some planning to do for Albert’s going-away party, right?

Bruce: There are certainly some thing we have to talk about now.

Man: Yeah, that’s better than doing every thing at the last minute.

Bruce: Okay. So I can write some notes as we talk.

Man: Sure thing.

Bruce: So when should we have the party?

Man: Hmm, he goes to Thailand on the 26th of August.

Bruce: Let’s have it on the 24th then.

Man: Yes, let me see. That’s a Friday. That’d be perfect.

Bruce: Now, where should we have it, at a bar or a club?

Man: You know, I think he would like something really intimate, nothing too loud. A restaurant would be good, maybe the Appletree grill?

Bruce: Great place, sounds good.

Man: Ok, now we have to think about who to invite.

Bruce: Well, his best friend from college.

Man: Sure.

Bruce: And his cousins.

Man: Right.

Bruce: Oh yes, his coworkers.

Man: Yeah, ok. His coworkers and his boss.

Bruce: Any other people?

Man: How about his yoga classmates?

Bruce: Hmm, he does love yoga but that might be too many people.

Man: I suppose so.

Bruce: I can email and text message the invitations. When should I send them?

Man: We should send them out soon, but not too early.

Bruce: How about the 16th of August then?

Man: Well, why not give a few more days, the 13th?

Bruce: I think that’s a good time, too.

Narrator: Before you hear the rest of the conversation, you have some time to look at questions 5 to 10. Now listen and answer question 5 to 10.

Man: Ok. Now, we have to think of a gift.

Bruce: Should we all get one?

Man: No, I was thinking we could all give money for the party and the gift, you know, something really nice.

Bruce: Yeah, that’d be better than getting him little things individually. I can ask for the money.

Man: Thanks for doing that. How much should we ask for?

Bruce: I think we should ask for maybe fifteen dollars each, is that too much?

Man: No, not at all. He’s going away for 2 years. That would give us about $150.

Bruce: That’s a good amount.

Man: Yeah, well I’m thinking we could get him something practical.

Bruce: Yes, especially he’s going abroad.

Man: Something he could use, something that’s also portable.

Bruce: We could get him an article of clothing perhaps or maybe even a pair of shoes.

Man: Hmm, shoes are nice, but they might wear out easily, especially where he’s going.

Bruce: Maybe a book light?

Man: Or what?

Bruce: Yeah, he loves to read and a book light would be very convenient when he travels.

Man: Ok, that’s one good gift idea. Did you write that down?

Bruce: Yep.

Man: Now, we need to think about reservations at the restaurant.

Bruce: Well, we should get their big banquet room yeah?

Man: Yes, definitely. Should we ask the restaurant to prepare a buffet?

Bruce: Isn’t that expensive?

Man: No, I don’t think it is.

Bruce: A buffet dinner sounds cheaper than everyone ordering individual meals.

Man: Definitely.

Bruce: How about drinks?

Man: They can buy drinks themselves or bring their own.

Bruce: Ok.

Man: Yeah, it would cost too much if we bought drinks ourselves.

Bruce: Certainly.

Man: We have to ask someone to bring an Mp3 player. The restaurant has speakers and we can hook it up for music.

Bruce: Sounds good.

Man: Actually, there is one more thing that I thought we should do since Albert is leaving for such a long time.

Bruce: What were you thinking of?

Man: Maybe we could have a slideshow of all the fun times we’ve had.

Bruce: Hmm, that’ll take a little bit of work but I think it’s a great idea.

Man: Actually, in the invitation, can you ask for some photos people have of him?

Bruce: Yeah, definitely.

Man: I can scan them or people can send me digital photos they have.

Bruce: All right, I’ll tell them when I send out the invitations.

Man: Then I can make a little presentation.

Bruce: Huh, I can’t wait to see his reaction.

Man: Yeah, especially that one picture where.

Narrator: That is the end of section 1. You now have half a minute to check your answers.

Now turn to section 2.

2. Section 2

Narrator: You will hear a representative from Dreamtime Tours giving information about a particular tour option. First, you have some time to look at questions 11 to 14. Listen carefully and answer questions 11 to 14.

Dreamtime Tours have just the tour for you. The one I have chosen to talk to you about today is what I consider our best tour. It will take you from coast to mountain and back again. You’ll spend a memorable and very comfortable day traveling in air-conditioned luxury.

You’ll see from our brochure that we have four pickup stops along the coast, and about 20 minutes after we pick up our last passenger for the day. We'll be stopping briefly at a magnificent housing development marina and shopping complex. You'll be able to admire some of the most expensive and lavish houses on the coast, and here we'll take a quick walk around the waterfront. Now, despite its name - Hope Island, we can reach it without getting our feet wet or taking a boat ride. Hope Island is connected to the mainland by bridges, from there we head inland to the beautiful Tamborine Mount. You'll have time to browse in the many specialty shops or you can sit and relax at a friendly outdoor cafe. We board the bus again and pass through an old timber milling town on our way to O'Reilly's Green Mountains. Once there, you might wish to venture across the famous Treetop Walk which is a bridge suspended in the canopy of a rainforest, definitely not for the faint-hearted.

If you're not up to the excitement of this walk or perhaps after you've done it, why not enjoy lunch on the balcony of O'Reilly's restaurant. Before we leave, you'll have time to stroll through the botanical gardens or perhaps you'd like to feed the beautiful parrots and other birds, we'll supply the birdseeds. From O'Reilly's, we travel to an alpaca farm for a demonstration and of course, there will be a photo opportunity of you with these gorgeous animals before returning to the coach for the journey back to your original departure point.

Narrator: Before you hear the rest of the talk, you'll have some time to look at questions 15-20. Now listen and answer questions 15-20.

If I've persuaded any of you to sign up for this tour, take a look at our Dreamtime Tours brochure. You'll see that you can book over the telephone or you can make reservations through the reception desk. We generally have a member of staff manning the desk from 7:30 am to 9 pm every day of the week. Don't hesitate to ask reception staff any questions that you might have about this tour or any other tour, and be sure to make it known if you have any special needs. We'll do our best to make your trip rewarding and worthwhile.

If this is the tour you want, be sure to specify Green Mountain tour and note that these excursions are full-day tours on three days of the week only: Sunday, Monday and Fridays, although we're hoping to have a Saturday tour available by next year.

You'll see that fairs are extremely reasonable with each adult paying just $37. Now, that's not bad for a trip of around 280 kilometers, is it? If you want to bring the family the family, obviously the family passes great value at $94, that includes two adults and two children. But if you're an older adult over 65, in other words, a senior citizen, your fare is discounted too. You'll pay a bit less than the full adult rate.

Please note the departure times, we adhere to these strictly. The coach will leave the southernmost point of Coolangatta ten to eight sharp, travel to Burleigh and on to Surfers Paradise, which is our most popular pickup point, departing from there at half-past eight in the morning. At a quarter to nine, we make our last pickup at Labrador.

May I remind you to dress appropriately for the day? Ladies no high heels, please. Comfortable walking shoes are what is required and I always recommend that everyone takes a light jacket because the mountain air can be quite cool compared to the heat and humidity of the coastal regions.

Oh, something else I should remind you of the price quoted in the brochure are just for coach travel, although we can arrange a minibus to collect you from your accommodation and bring you to your departure point free of charge. If you want to avail yourself of this service, be sure to let the booking clerk know. You'll need to bring along extra cash or a credit card to cover expenses such as optional side trips, food and drink and of course, entrance fee to the various attractions.

Well, that's all I have time to tell you. If you have further inquiries, please use the phone number on the brochure.

Narrator: That is the end of Section 2. You now have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to Section 3

3. Section 3

Rob: Joanne?

Joanne: Hi, you must be Rob. Nice to meet you. So, I hear you're planning to visit Australia.

Rob: Yeah, and I really wanted to talk to you because I was thinking of spending some time in Darwin, and my sister told me you're from there.

Joanne: That's right.

Rob: So… tell me about it.

Joanne: Well... where shall I start?... Well, Darwin's in what they call the "top end" because it's right up at the northern end of Australia and it's quite different from the rest of Australia in terms of cultural influences, in fact, it's nearer to Jakarta in Indonesia than it is to Sydney, so you get a very strong Asian influence there. That means we get lots of tourists - people from other parts of Australia are attracted by this sort of international, cosmopolitan image. And as well as that, we've got the same laid-back atmosphere you get all over Australia - probably more so if anything, because of the climate. But, what a lot of the tourists don't realize until they get there is that the city's also got a very young population... the average age is just 29, and this makes the whole place very buzzy. Some people think that there might not be that much going on as far as art, music, dancing and so on are concerned, because it's so remote. I mean, we don't really get things like theatre and opera in the same way as cities down in the south like Sydney for example, because of the transport expenses. But in fact, what happens is that we just do it ourselves - lots of people play music, classical as well as pop, and there are things like artists groups and writers groups and dance classes - everyone does something. We don't just sit and watch other people.

Rob: You said it's very international?

Joanne: Yeah, they say there are over 70 different nationalities in Darwin. For instance, there's been a Chinese population there for over 100 years - we've even got a Chinese temple. It was built way back in 1887, but... erm... when a very bad storm, a... a cyclone in fact - hit Darwin in the 1970s, it was almost completely destroyed. The only parts of the temple that survived were part of the altars and the stone lions, but after the storm, they reconstructed it using modern materials. It's still used as a religious centre today, but it's open to tourists too, and it's definitely worth going to see it. Oh, and as far as getting around goes, you'll see the places that advertise bicycles for hire, but I wouldn't recommend it. A lot of the year it's just so hot and humid. Some tourists think it'll be fine because there's not much in the way of hills, and the traffic's quite light compared with some places, but, believe me, you're better off with public transport - it's fine, and not expensive. Or you can hire a car, but it's not really worth it.

Rob: What's the swimming like?

Joanne: Well, there are some good beaches, but the trouble is that there's the nasty creature called the box jellyfish and if it stings you, you're in bad trouble. So, you have to be very careful most of the year especially in the winter months. You can wear a lycra suit to cover your arms and legs, but I wouldn't like to risk it even so, personally. And there are the saltwater crocodiles, too... I mean, I don't want to put you off. There are protected swimming areas netted off where you'll be safe from jellyfish and crocs, or there are the public swimming pools, they're fine of course.

You will hear Peter Walsh being interviewed for a job. Listen and choose the correct answer for each question. But you have some time to read the questions. Now listen and answer the questions.

Jane: Please sit down, Mr. Walsh. My name's Jane Swaine, and I'm the personnel manager.

Peter: Hello. How do you do?

Jane: Now, this is just a short preliminary interview. I'd like to chat about your present job and what you've done up till now.

Peter: Yes, of course.

Jane: Well, could you tell me how long you've had your present position in Weston's. It is Weston's, isn't it?

Peter: Yes, that's right. Um, I'm not sure. Let's see. I left university in 2005 - is that right? Yes, 2005. Then, I was unemployed for about three months, and then I traveled around America for a few months, so yes, it must be about three years now, in fact.

Jane: Um, yes. And have you any particular reason for wanting to change jobs? I mean, why do you want to move?

Peter: Well, I actually like my present job and still find it interesting and stimulating. The salary's ok, so it's nothing to do with money, though you can always do with more. I suppose the thing is that I'm really very ambitious and keen to get promoted, so that's the real reason.

Jane: You say you like your job. Can you tell me what aspect you like most?

Peter: Oh, my dear. That's difficult. There are so many things. The other people are great, there's a good co-operative atmosphere, I mean, among the staff, and compared to other companies, the conditions are great. I mean the office itself and the working conditions.

Jane: Um…

Peter: And then, there's the fact that they give me lots of room for initiative and let me make decisions. You know, that's what I really like most about the job.

Jane: Yes, well, we're looking for someone like that. You know, someone who isn't a dock-watcher and who isn't too concerned about working fairly long hours.

Peter: Oh, I don't mind that. I'm used to it.

Jane: And what about your education? You went to Manchester University, didn't you?

Peter: Er, yes. After leaving school I started a diploma course in Design, but I decided to give it up and did an Arts degree at university instead.

Jane: Good, and have you done any courses since?...

4. Section 4

Narrator: You will hear a lecturer discussing techniques for removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. First you have some time to look at questions 31 to 33. Listen carefully and answer questions 31 to 33.

We all know about the role of carbon dioxide in causing global warming. Obviously, society needs to reduce the release of carbon dioxide, otherwise known as CO2. This gas comes from the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal and oil and it is virtually impossible for society to prevent, or even limit such activity. Our need for energy and power is just too great.

Instead, a more practical idea is to collect the carbon dioxide from the burning process, for example, directly from the chimneys of power stations, and somehow prevent this gas from being released into the environment. To do that, you need to store it somehow, and that has to be essentially forever.

It is perhaps for this reason that many believe that, rather than storing the carbon dioxide as a gas, it is better to react it with metal oxides, such as magnesium or calcium, which results in the formation of a hard carbonate material. The gas is, in effect, turned into a stable and unreactive solid, which can simply be dumped anywhere. This process actually occurs naturally, although very very slowly, and is one cause of the surface limestone in the world. But this slow reaction speed is the problem. Even when enhancing this process through high temperature and pressure, or pre-treatment of the mineral, it is still far too slow to be economical.

One other technique which has been suggested is to pump the gas to the bottom of the ocean, where it would react with compounds in the seawater, forming carbonic acid. However, this alternative has now been ruled out. The CO2 may be removed from the atmosphere, but the high oceanic acidity which would result raises its own set of problems, mostly with all the delicate life and the intricate food chains in the seawater, some on which we ourselves depend - and that's something which no one wants to experiment with.

Narrator: Before you hear the rest of the lecture, you have some time to look at questions 34 to 30. Now listen and answer questions 34 to 30.

Perhaps because of the lack of alternatives, the most commonly discussed solution to the problem of disposing of carbon dioxide is to pump the gas underground - a technique known as ‘geosequestration’. In this system, the CO2, for example, could be pumped into underground pockets within depleted oil wells, or disused coal tunnels. This carries, however, three serious disadvantages, namely: the risk of leaks, the considerable costs involved, and finally, the unproven effectiveness. Let us look at those three disadvantages in detail.

Firstly, there is the risk of leaks. Although the gas would be deep and sealed over by masses of rock and earth, the huge pressures in these spaces would turn the gas into a liquid state, capable of moving through rock fissures or faults. This could allow the gas to eventually be released to the surface. Since CO2 is heavier than air and thus pushes oxygen aside, such leaks could result in the suffocation of thousands, or tens of thousands of people – certainly not a consequence to be taken lightly. Natural CO2 leakage from volcanic build-up has already witnessed such deadly events.

The other problem of geosequestration is the cost. The time and effort spent on materials and construction, primarily the pipework through which the gas would travel, does not come cheaply. So, if this system were to be implemented in, say, coal-fired power plants, the extra cost would have to be paid by the electricity user, whose bills would almost double as a consequence. Few people are prepared to pay this much simply to make a small dent on the effects of global warming. And this leads to the final problem.

The most basic question is whether geosequestration actually reduces global warming. The problem here is that the energy needed to create and drive the sequestration process would require approximately a quarter of a coal-fired electricity plant's output. In other words, the plant would have to burn one quarter more of its coal just to account for the sequestration of the carbon dioxide, and with coal-producing other noxious pollutants, such as sulfur, ash, and heavy metals, the environment is hardly benefited at all. Nevertheless, there are many active experimental efforts underway, primarily in oil production sites. These are small but intensively monitored and analyzed. All we can say now is that the jury is still out on whether underground carbon storage will one day be feasible.

Narrator: That is the end of Section 4. You now have half a minute to check your answers.

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