Narrator: You will hear a number of different recordings and you will have to answer questions on what you hear. There will be time for you to read the instructions and questions and you will have a chance to check your work. All the recordings will be played once only. The test is in four sections. Write all your answers in the Listening Question Booket. At the end of the test, you will be given ten minutes to tranfer your answers to an answer sheet. Now, turn to Section 1.
1. Section 1
Narrator: In Section 1, you will hear a conversation between two people talking about insecticide. First, you will have 30 seconds to look at questions 1 to 11. Now, listen carefully and answer questions 1 to 11.
Man: Oh, good morning, Madam. I'm from Pestaway Market Research. I'm doing consumer research in this area. I wonder if you'd mind telling me - do you use Pestaway in your home?
Woman: Pestaway? Oh, the insecticide thing. Well, yes, as a matter of fact, I do.
Man: What do you use it for, Madam? Fleas, ants, cockroaches, woodworms?
Woman: Oh, cockroaches. This is an old house, you see, and we often get cockroaches in the kitchen. I tried scrubbing and disinfecting, but it didn't seem to do much good, and then I heard a commercial about Pestaway so I thought I'd try that.
Man: Was that on TV?
Woman: No, it was radio - one of those early morning shows.
Man: You heard it advertised on the radio. Fine. And you say you use it in the kitchen. Do you use it anywhere else in the house? In the bathroom, say?
Woman: Oh, no. We've never had any trouble anywhere else. We get the odd wasp in the summer sometimes, but I don't bother about them. It's the cockroaches I don't like - nasty, creepy-crawly things.
Man: And you find Pestaway does the trick?
Woman: Well, yes, it's quite good. It gets rid of most of them.
Man: How long have you been using it, Madam?
Woman: Oh, let's see... about two years now, I think.
Man: About two years. And how often do you find you have to spray?
Woman: Oh, I give the kitchen a good spray around the skirtings and under the stove, you know, about every six weeks.
Man: Every six weeks or so. I see. Where do you buy your Pestaway, Madam? Supermarket? Chemist's?
Woman: Oh, no. I get it at the little shop at the end of this street. They stock practically everything. It means taking a bus if I want to go to the supermarket.
Man: Well, thank you very much, Madam. Oh, could I have your name, please?
Woman: Mrs. Egerton. Mary Egerton. That's E-G-E-R-T-O-N.
Man: E-G-E-R-T-O-N. And the address?
Woman: The address is 12 Holly, Peterford.
Man: 12... Peterford. And may I ask your age, Madam?
Woman: Oh... well... er... just put down I'm over fifty.
Man: As you like, Mrs. Egerton. And occupation - housewife?
Woman: Well, I used to be a telephonist before I married. I had a very good job at the Post Office, but what with a husband to look after and four children to bring up. It doesn't leave you much time, does it?
Man: Occupation - housewife. Well, thank you very much for your time, Madam. You've been most helpful...
Narrator: That is the end of Section 1. You will have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to Section 2.
2. Section 2
Narrator: In Section 2, you will hear the welcome speech of the principal of a language school in England to students who have just arrived for a summer course. Put a tick in the appropriate column to indicate whether the following statements are true or false. First, you will have 30 seconds to look at questions 12 to 20. Now, listen carefully to the speech and answer questions 12 to 20.
Good morning! Good morning, everybody and welcomes to our school. We hope you enjoy your summer course here with us for the month of July, and I know some of you are going to stay here for two courses until the end of August. I hope this gives you plenty of time to explore the surrounding countryside and visit the many typical English country pubs we are lucky to have in this area. For those of you here for one course, come to us for advice on which are the best places to visit, so you really benefit from your month's stay here.
By "us", I mean myself, the twelve teachers that work here in the summer, and, of course, the office staff. At the end of the day, you will know who your class teacher is, so I won't introduce them all individually now.
Well, before you go on your sightseeing tour of the area, I would just like to say a few things about the school. It has been open now for twenty years and during that time, thousands of students have passed through our hands. I myself came here five years ago, but Mr. Franklin over there has been here since the beginning. So, if any of you choose to do project work on... er…the history of the school, he is the man to talk to.
The school itself consists of fourteen classrooms, a small study center and a recently installed computer room which has proved to be very popular. The teachers' room is on the first floor and is open to you at all times, as is my office which is next to it. The building opens at nine o'clock in the morning, so you have to do your homework in the study center before classes begin if you were out late the night before! It also stays open until six in the evening, so you are welcome to use any of the facilities after the classes finish at four o'clock. There is a rota whereby a teacher stays to help students with any problems.
As well as your classes here, there is a wide range of social activities that you can participate in if you like. This involves such things as horse riding, swimming and visits to local pubs in the evening, and weekend swimming, or weekend excursions to places of interest in and around this area. So... er... if you fancy trying a spot of hillwalking or visiting the local mines, keep your eye on the social activities notice board. Our Social Secretary is John here, (John says hello) and he will be coming around to your classrooms to let you know... um... what exactly is on offer this month. It is our policy to make your stay here as enjoyable as possible and because of this, we strongly believe in an active social program for our students.
Finally, on a more serious note, please remember that in the community you are representing the school. Over the years, we have kept in close contact with many local groups and societies, and some of our students have joined them for the period of their stay here with us. We would like to maintain this close relationship with local organizations so that our students can have the opportunity to see inside the life of a small community. So... umm... keep this in mind when you are out and about, please. And the last thing is a note from John saying that the start of the disco course will be on Friday night at eight-thirty. OK... er... let me just say once more - welcome to the school and England.
Narrator: This is the end of Section 2. You will have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to Section 3.
3. Section 3
Narrator: You will hear a parent discussing his son’s school report with his tutor. Listen and fill in the missing information in the report below. First, you have 30 seconds to look through questions 21 to 31. Now, listen carefully and answer questions 21 to 31.
J = Mr. Jameson
H: Good evening, Mr. Jameson. Please sit down.
J: Good evening. Now about my son Stephen's report...
H: Yes – just a minute. Yes, now - what class is he in? Oh yes, Four E – no, no, Four A, isn't it?
J: Yes that's right. Has he improved this year, Mrs. Hargreaves?
H: Yes, I think overall, yes. Mind you, there is still room for more improvement in some subjects. Let's see - maths. Well, the major problem here seems to be his algebra. Apart from that, he's doing much better. Could you help him with this, Mr. Jameson?
J: Well, to be honest, it wasn't really my best subject at school, either.
H: But the overall exam result was encouraging - sixty percent.
J: Yes - and history. I seem to remember a bad report for this last year.
H: Well, he lacks concentration in the class, and of course this makes it difficult to remember things like dates and names, and the memory is quite useful in a subject like this!
J: Oh dear. Well, I'll have a word with him when I get home and see what we can do to improve that. And music?
H: Music - yes. Is he still having guitar lessons?
J: Yes, every Monday after school.
H: His music teacher has commented that he doesn't seem to be taking them very seriously.
J: I think it was just a craze he had, Mrs. Hargreaves. I've noticed that he hasn't been very interested in practising at home.
H: And also he tends to talk a lot in class - I mean he's very talkative - and he only got forty percent in the exam.
J: Well, nobody in our family is very musical, so I don't expect him to do very well.
H: Looking at his geography result, though, there has been considerable improvement, sixty-four percent. Yes, I remember him working at home a lot for some sort of project or something on - now where was it - India, I think, no... er... on China.
H: Yes, yes - and it was an excellent piece of work. I saw it myself and was very impressed. And his art classes have also been going better this year.
J: Yes, he became very interested in "Pop Art" after the school and went to the local art gallery to see the pictures there – his bedroom wall is covered with posters from the shop!
H: Yes, and fifty-eight percent is not bad for his exam result considering how low it was last year. And now French. It seems that he has really taken to speaking a foreign language!
J: We hoped he would because it's important to know another language these days, isn't it?
H: Yes, quite.
J: That's why we paid for him to go to France last Easter - so, he could practise more.
H: Well, it seems to have done the trick! Eighty percent is a very good mark.
J: Now, Mrs. Hargreaves, I'd just like to ask you one more thing... about…
Narrator: This is the end of Section 3. You will have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to Section 4.
4. Section 4
Narrator: You will hear an extract from a talk about student health, and specifically about ways to avoid headaches. As you listen to the talk, answer questions 32 to 41 by using words from the box to complete the summary. There are more words in the box than you need. Some words may be used more than once. First, you have 30 seconds to look through questions 32 to 41. Now, listen carefully to the talk and answer questions 32 to 41.
Hello. Welcome to the student orientation program. Today's session is on health issues, and this talk is about headaches, and how to avoid them.
It may surprise you to hear that headaches are often caused by hunger! In fact, one study suggested that 70% of headaches are related to hunger, which makes it the principal cause. The advice is simple: eat three meals a day and try to keep to a fairly regular schedule of meals.
People associate noise with headaches, and for most of us, excessive noise creates the conditions for a headache. Very loud noise is unpleasant, and people usually remove themselves from it. Having said that, younger people tend to tolerate noise better than their elders, so I may be leaving noisy places far earlier than you. Just remember that exposure to too much noise may predispose you to a headache.
Of course, we all associate headaches with studying! In fact, the headache probably doesn't come from the studying so much as from being tense. When we study hard, we often hunch over our work. Try raising your shoulders and tensing them - now relax. Can you feel how much more comfortable a relaxed stance is? Another thing - it's very important to check that you are working in good light. It will not actually hurt your eyes to work in bad light, but it will make you tired very quickly and is very likely to give you a headache. What's more, if you have the book flat on a desk in front of you, it will be harder to read, and you will have to hold your head at an odd angle. It is wise to have a bookrest which raises the material you are reading at 45 degrees to the desk. This will help reduce your chance of a headache.
Try to relax before bed so that you will be relaxed when you try to sleep - a soak in a hot bath may be helpful. It's also important to really sleep when you go to bed; a good mattress is a wise investment for people who want to avoid headaches. This talk seems to keep coming back to tension. Tension may cause you to chew too forcefully, clench your jaw, or grind your teeth, and this in turn may lead to headaches. It is very easy to say that you shouldn't grind your teeth, but very hard to stop, particularly if you grind your teeth in your sleep. Try to avoid situations which will make you tense, particularly just before bed. If you do compulsively grind your teeth in your sleep, ask your dentist about a soft mouthguard.
In general, try to eat regular meals and avoid tense situations. Be sure you get plenty of exercises. Hopefully, your headaches will be greatly reduced. One other thing I should point out - avoid smoky rooms and cars. Such places certainly encourage headaches, and the smoke may be doing you quite serious long-term damage.
Narrator: That is the end of Section 4. You now have half a minute to check your answers.
That is the end of the test.