Đề số 4
1. Section 1
Listen to the following conversations carefully, and then complete the forms from different extracts. First, you have some time to read the questions. Now, here are the three messages.
Man: I've lost two credit cards. One is a Visa, the other is a Master card. What can I do?
Woman: Don't worry. What's your name, please?
Man: My name is Ronald Howard. Howard, H-O-W-A-R-D.
Woman: Do you know the numbers of the lost cards, sir?
Man: Yes, I wrote them down here. The Visa is number 6091 1313 9781 0231, and the Master card is number 7228 6718 7217 5059.
Woman: Do you still remember the expiration date of the cards?
Man: Yes. The Visa expires in November 2014, and the Master card in January 2015.
Woman: Thank you, sir. Could you show me your ID card?
Man: Here you are.
Woman: Thank you. Please come by the office on Wednesday so that we can issue you two new cards.
Man: Could you show me the menu, please?
Woman: Here you are, sir. Will you dine à la carte or the table d'hôte?
Man: I think the table d'hôte will do very well for me. Does it include an appetizer, soup and so forth?
Woman: Yes, sir. The table d'hôte includes an appetizer, soup, salad, choice of dessert, tea or coffee.
Man: Is there any particular dish you would recommend?
Woman: The roast duck is very good tonight. And we also have several special chicken dishes if you like chicken.
Man: OK. I'll take the roast duck and some veal.
Woman: Do you want to drink something?
Man: A bottle of beer.
Woman: Will you order your desserts now? Apple pie, ice-cream or cakes?
Man: Apple pie, please. And a cup of coffee.
Woman: OK. Wait a minute, I'll bring you the appetizer right away.
Woman: Good morning, sir. Welcome to the Ambassador Hotel.
Man: Thank you. I've got a reservation through my secretary. My name is Reade. R-E-A-D-E.
Woman: Just a minute, please... Yes, you've got a reservation. A single room for three days. The room number is 1201. Here is the key.
Man: Thank you.
Woman: Could you show me your passport? Your passport number?
Man: Its number is JDA 2151623.
Woman: How many pieces of luggage do you have?
Man: Just these three. Two suitcases and one bag.
Woman: OK! Please sign the register here, and the porter will take your luggage to your room.
Man: Here is the register. Thank you very much.
Woman: You're welcome. I hope you'll enjoy your stay here.
2. Section 2
Narrator: You will hear a guide giving instructions to a group of international students in Canada preparing for a whale watching trip. Before you hear the talk, you have sometime to look at questions 11 to 16. Now listen carefully to the first of the talk and answer questions 11 to 16.
Hello, everyone. Glad to see so many happy faces on this wild and windy day. Are you all ready to go looking for whales? I’m Tony and our other guide today is Dale. We’ll be using these two rubber boats you see here and our trip today will take 3 hours. In a few minutes, we’ll be heading into part of the largest temperate rainforest of the Pacific North-West. I’ll show you our route on the map here. This is where we are now. We’ll be leaving the sheltered bay and heading out across the mouth of the bay toward the open water. As you know, last night there were strong winds in the area so we can’t go out into the ocean as we had planned. Near the mouth, the water will be quite rough. That’s where we are most likely to spot orcas or killer whales as they are also called. After crossing the mouth of the bay, we’ll enter the calmer shallower waters. This is where you look for grey whales. Then we will continue up this narrow inlet close to the shore. You will have a great view of giant fir and cedar trees that have never been logged. Here is the place to watch for wildlife. You are likely to see bears along the shore and eagles in the sky overhead. Right at the back of the inlet, here, are the hot springs where we will be stopping for an hour. You can have a soothing soak in bubbling hot water before the return trip.
I’ll tell you a little bit about the whales now because with the noise of the wind and the engine you won’t be able to hear much out there.
As we head out in the boat, we will probably see dolphins first. They are a grey colour and quite small - 1—2 metres long. They will swim right beside the boat, racing along and sometime jumping out of the water just ahead of us. They swim very fast, and they are playful and curious. They’re really fun to watch.
The next ones we’ll see are orcas or killer whales, which are actually members of the dolphin family. They are 7-8 metres long, very fast and they have sharp teeth. Some stay in these waters all year round. We identify them by the distinctive black and white colour. They feed mainly on salmon in these waters, but the orca diet can include seabirds, seals, dolphins and other mammals. They can be fierce hunters and this is why they are called 'killer whales’.
We should start watching for them as soon as we get out towards open water. We’re likely to spot the orcas from a considerable distance. Watch for the black and white marking and mist spouting from the blow-holes on top of their heads.
Just outside the inlet is where we will probably see grey whales. The greys are migratory. They pass through here twice a year, moving from far in the north where they feed, to the warm southern waters where they breed. You’re very lucky today because several have been reported in the area. Unlike the orcas, greys are solitary, except when you see a mother with a calf. The grey whales are much longer and heavier than the orcas - 14 metres long and weighing up to 30 tonnes. The grey whales are filter feeders, gathering tiny ghost shrimp from the sand at the bottom. We recognise greys from their tail fins, because each one is different.
Once we find the whales, we’ll come up as close as we can safely. We are allowed to approach the whales no closer than 50 metres but that feels pretty close when you are in the presence of animals this big. You’ll see mist coming out of the blow-holes when they breathe out and you’ll hear a loud hiss. If we are downwind, we might even be able to smell them - a strong fishy smell.
Before the talk continues, you have some time to look at questions 15 to 20. Now as the talk continues, answer questions 17 to 20.
Now for just a few words of caution. It will be quite bouncy out there, especially in the front of the boat. If you want a smoother ride, stay in the middle of the boat, close to the engine. Hold onto the ropes and keep an eye on any big waves. Be alert so you don’t get thrown out of the boat. In case of an emergency, you are all wearing survival suits. They’ll keep you warm and dry in or out of the water. They are bright orange for visibility.
The water temperature is around 8 degrees. Without these suits you would only last a few minutes in this cold water. With these suits, your survival time is increased dramatically. They will keep you upright in the water even if you can’t swim. But we don’t expect anybody to end up in the water, so don’t worry.
Now, are there any questions?
Woman: I’m afraid of getting seasick.
Right, I was just coming to that. If you, think you might get seasick, take one of these patches and put it on your arm, at the wrist, like this. It works on pressure points of the body and will relieve seasickness without the drowsiness you can get from pills. Are there any other questions?
Alright then, let’s start loading up the boats. We leave in 5 minutes.
Narrator: That is the end of section 2. You have half a minute to check your answers.
3. Section 3
Narrator: You will hear the conversation between two students attending university Open Day. First, you have sometime to look at questions 21 to 25. Now listen and answer questions 21 to 25.
Oliver: Excuse me. Is this seat taken?
Alice: No, by all means, have a seat. Are you here for the Open Day?
Oliver: Yes. I think I've just about finished now. I got here first thing this morning. What about you?
Alice: I got here a little while ago. I spent some time walking around the place first, just to get a feel for what it's like. I'm doing the organised events this afternoon. I thought I'd have a coffee before I get started. It's a lovely campus, isn't it?
Oliver: Yes. I love it. And the facilities are unbelievable. I've just been over to have a look at the sports centre. There's an Olympic size swimming pool, a gym, squash courts, everything really. All the high street banks are here, and the bookshop looks better than the one in town. There's supposed to be a big supermarket a few minutes' walk from the main entrance, so there's pretty much everything you need here.
Alice: Yes. I really like the look of it ... Um, I wonder if you can help me. I think I need to register to let them know I've arrived, don't I?
Oliver: I'm not sure you have to. You can just pick up an information pack from the desk over there. And nobody asked my name or anything when I turned up for the events earlier. I just walked in. But you never know; they might check after to see if people have bothered to come to the Open Day, so I think it's best to register.
Alice: Thanks. I'll just finish my coffee and then I'll get started.
Oliver: So, is this your first Open Day?
Alice: No, it's my fourth. I've been to Sussex Coventry and Birmingham so far. They've all got their good points. But being a bit older. I'm particularly keen on somewhere that has a few students my age on the course. Apart from that, they all seem to have great links to businesses, and there isn't much to choose between them as far as their facilities are concerned. How about you?
Oliver: I haven't been to any other Open Days yet, but I'm hoping I end up here. I've just been to a presentation by the Head of Department. It sounds like a great place to do Maths - that's my subject. He was telling us about all the avenues open to Maths graduates and the kind of work you can end up doing. A lot of students go into finance, accountancy, banking, that kind of thing. I can't say that's ever appealed to me, though. My Maths teacher at college was telling me about the opportunities in the software industry, which I quite like the sound of.
Narrator: Before you hear more conversation, you have some time to look at questions 26 to 28. Now listen and answer questions 26 to 28.
Alice: Well, I hope you manage to get in. According to the letter they sent me, my department is doing something similar. There's a talk later this afternoon by the head. I can't miss that. There's also someone who'll be explaining about the year abroad. Apparently, you can spend your third year at one of their partner universities in Spain or Germany. I'm going to have to give that a miss, though, to catch my train. Oh, and there's also an exhibition area in the Physics Department with some of the things people are doing here. I'll try and catch that.
Narrator: Before you hear the rest of the conversation, you have some time to look at questions 29 to 30. Now listen and answer questions 29 to 30.
Oliver: There were a few second - and third-year students at the exhibition I went to. One of them gave me some great tips on finding work as well. I already knew about a couple of accountancy firms in the area that offer work experience. That's on a voluntary basis, though. But apparently the students helping here on the Open Day get paid, and the university advertises other jobs that come up now and again, so that's worth remembering. And a lot of the shops here are always looking for staff.
Alice: Mm, that's useful to know. I overheard someone saying there's a tour of some of the halls of residence in about half an hour, so I think I'll register and try to fit that in before I go to the talk. Are you thinking of living on campus?
Oliver: I've not made my mind up yet. I don't live far from here. My parents' place is just the other side of town. I could easily get the bus to campus, plus it would be a lot cheaper if I stayed at home. But it would be nice to get some independence as well, so I don't know. I'll have to see. But I didn't know about the tour. Would you mind if I tag along with you?
Alice: No, not at all. Let me just finish my coffee and I'll go and register.
Narrator: That is the end of section 4. You now have half a minute to check your answers.
4. Section 4
Narrator: You will hear a lecturer talking about the movement of population towards cities. First, you have some time to look at questions 31 to 32. Listen carefully and answer questions 31 to 32.
If you consider the farms of old - the type your father or grandfather grew up on, they were small and labor-intensive, requiring lots of workers. In addition, they often had a diversity of products, be that animal or vegetable - say, cows and sheep, or oranges and lemons, with some peaches, and a few chickens on the side, for the production of eggs. The many workers involved raised their families, who needed products and support services, such as medical clinics and schools, so the small country towns had mercantile activity, storefronts, and community participation, with all ages present and a distinct town culture.
And how it has changed! Travel to any small country town in virtually any developed country, and you will often see that these places are now somewhat forlorn and deserted, lacking life and vigor. Many of the residents have long since moved towards the big cities, so the country areas have become depopulated, and their downtowns empty. This phenomenon is so predictable and widespread that it even has a name - rural flight, or rural exodus -and it has produced some fairly predictable problems.
Narrator: Before you hear the next part of the lecture, you have some time to look at questions 33 to 35. Now listen and answer questions 33 to 35.
As for the causes of rural exodus, the most obvious is the industrialization of agriculture. This comes in two aspects, one of them being monocultural farming practices. What this means is that it is now more efficient to have one product, and focus on its needs almost exclusively.
So, for example, animal husbandry will usually involve a single type of animal, say pigs, but with huge factory farming techniques, or, in other words, the second aspect - economies of scale. This means instead of 200 pigs, there’ll be 2000, tightly fitted into small pens or cages, with high-density waste disposal and automatic feeding systems. Yet, despite this huge size, it can all be controlled by just a dozen farmworkers pushing the right button.
You might not like it, but in a competitive market, the cheaper the overheads, the better, and one can’t argue with market economics. It’s simply the way of the modern world, and it has changed the face of rural districts, mostly for the worst.
Narrator: Before you hear the rest of the lecture, you have some time to look at questions 36 to 40. Now listen and answer questions 36 to 40.
We can talk at length about the problem of rural exodus, but what about solutions? Well, there is certainly some cause for hope, since many are now feeling the negatives of increasing urbanization, negatives which the countryside generally does not have. Thus, tourism, for example, is certainly one avenue of revenue and revitalization.
The most important consideration here is that the local residents themselves participate in developing such initiatives and deciding what happens, since outsiders, be they state government or city-based planners, do not fully understand the local settings.
The possibilities which may be on offer, or the town culture, since even small rural areas can be highly distinctive from neighboring ones.
For example, the Daylesford area has developed a tourist industry based on the natural springs there, putting forward the angle that this water is relaxing and revitalizing for the health. There has been the development of spas, saunas, and small-scale accommodation within its picturesque hillsides.
And another solution is to utilize the predominant local product. This takes advantage of the fact that many city people are developing a dislike for factory-produced and packaged foodstuffs. They are becoming interested in products that can be sold directly to them, at a cheaper price, while preserving all the freshness from the tree or animal. It is important here that the country area is not only characterized by a specific product, but markets this idea well.
For example, many areas of the country Victoria have developed widespread grape-growing and winemaking facilities, and encourage wine-tasting tourism - now a thriving industry, with an international patronage.
Similarly, Harcourt is famous for apples, Shepparton for mature cheeses, and Mildura for its citrus products. Such strategies, done well, give hope that rural areas can revitalize somewhat, and once again be lively and interesting places to live in.
Narrator: That is the end of section 4. You now have half a minute to check your answers. That is the end of the listening test.