Chuyên đề 4
Narrator: You will hear part of a sports science lecture about the history of the sport called squash. Look at the tasks the listen and answer questions 1 to 5.
The game of squash is essentially a variant of other racquet sports and is a close cousin of tennis and badminton. The game was developed at Harrow School in England in the nineteenth century, and soon spread to the USA and other parts of the world.
Unlike tennis, squash has no net, and the small court is surrounded by high walls against which the ball is hit. The word ‘squash’ was originally used to refer to the soft ball that is used in the sport. These are made of rubber and have to be ‘warmed up’ before a match because when they’re cold, they don’t have a great deal of bounce. Racquets were originally made from wood, although these days synthetic materials have become the norm.
Squash balls come in different qualities and a coloured dot tells you what type of player they are most suitable for. For example, a beginner’s ball would have a blue dot, an advanced player’s yellow, while an intermediate player would use a ball with a red dot on it.
When top players hit the ball, it typically flies through the air at a speed of 200 kilometres an hour, although the fastest recorded example is of a ball travelling at 280 kilometres an hour.