· Listening,Transcript

Đề số 2

1. Section 1

Narrator: You will hear a woman being interviewed by a market researcher in a Health Club about her membership of the club. First, you have some time to look at questions 1 to 5. You will see there is an example that has been done for you. On this occasion only, the conversation relating to this will be played first.

MAN: Oh, excuse me, I wonder if you’d have the time to take part in some market research?

WOMAN: Umm ... What’s it about?

MAN: About this club and your experiences and opinions about being a member. It’ll take less than five minutes.

WOMAN: Oh ... OK then ... as long as it’s quick.

MAN: Can I start by taking your name?

WOMAN: It’s Selina Thompson.

MAN: Is that T-H-O-M-P-S-O-N?


Narrator: The woman name is “Thompson” with the P, so “Thompson” has been written in the space. Now we shall begin. You should answer the questions as you listen because you will not hear the recordings a second time. Listen carefully and answer questions 1 to 5.

MAN: Oh, excuse me, I wonder if you’d have the time to take part in some market research?

WOMAN: Umm ... What’s it about?

MAN: About this club and your experiences and opinions about being a member. It’ll take less than five minutes.

WOMAN: Oh ... OK then ... as long as it’s quick.

MAN: Can I start by taking your name?

WOMAN: It’s Selina Thompson.

MAN: Is that T-H-O-M-P-S-O-N?


MAN: Great, thanks ... And what do you do for a living?

WOMAN: Well, I’m an accountant but I’m between jobs at the moment.

MAN: I understand, but that’s the job I’ll put down on the form. And would you mind my asking which age group you fall into? Below 30, 31 to 50 and above.

WOMAN: Over 50 ... I think we can safely say.

MAN: Great, thanks. And which type of membership do you have?

WOMAN: Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean? Do you mean how long?

MAN: No, is it a single-person membership?

WOMAN: Oh right ... no, it’s a family membership.

MAN: Thanks. And how long have you been a member?

WOMAN: Oh ... let me see ... I was certainly here five years ago, and it was probably two to three years more than that.

MAN: Shall I put down eight?

WOMAN: I remember now. It’s nine ... definitely ... sorry.

MAN: No problem ... I’ve got that. And the last question in this first part is, what brought you to the club?

WOMAN: Sorry ...?

MAN: How did you find out about the club? Did you see any ads?

WOMAN: Well, I did actually but I have to say I wasn’t really attracted to the club because of that. It was through word of mouth.

MAN: So you were recommended by a friend?

WOMAN: Actually my doctor ... I’d been suffering from high blood pressure and he said the club was very supportive of people with that condition, so I signed up.

MAN: Great ... thanks.

Narrator: Before you hear the rest of the conversation, you have some time to look at questions 6 to 10. Now listen and answer questions 6 to 10.

MAN: Now for the second part of the form I want to ask a bit more about your experience of the club.

WOMAN: Sure.

MAN: How often would you say you use the club ...?

WOMAN: It varies enormously depending on how busy I am.

MAN: Of course ... but on average ... per month?

WOMAN: I’d say it averages out at twice a week.

MAN: OK, so eight on average.

WOMAN: Yeah. And four of those are aqua-aerobics classes.

MAN: That leads me to the next question. Would you say the swimming pool is the facility you make the most use of?

WOMAN: Fair to say that ... yeah.

MAN: Right, thanks ... And are there any facilities you don’t use?

WOMAN: One area I realize I’ve never used is the tennis courts ... and there’s one simple reason for that ...

MAN: You don’t play tennis?

WOMAN: Actually, I’m not bad at it. It’s that I’m not happy having to pay extra ... for that privilege.

MAN: I’ve made a note of that. Thanks. Now in the last section are there any suggestions or recommendations you have for improvements to the club?

WOMAN: Only about health and fitness?

MAN: Anything at all ...

WOMAN: Well, I’d like to see more social events ... it isn’t just a question of getting together for games or classes but other things, you know.

MAN: Yes, sure.

WOMAN: And another thing that I was thinking when I had my yoga class in the gym last night, we were all sweltering in the heat - was that I think they should put in ... you know ...

MAN: Air conditioning.

WOMAN: That’s exactly what I mean. The rooms are really light and well-designed but they do need proper installations.

MAN: Sure ... well, I’ve made a note of that ...

WOMAN: Good.

MAN: So is there anything else you’d like to suggest ... about quality of service, for example?

WOMAN: Oh, everyone’s very nice here. They couldn’t be more friendly and helpful. Oh, but I tell you what, it’s a shame the restaurant isn’t open in the evening on Saturday, and Sunday as well for that matter.

MAN: So ... the club should ...

WOMAN: Open it later on those days.

MAN: Ok. Well, thank you very much. That’s all the questions.

Narrator: That is the end of section 1. You now have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to section 2.

2. Section 2

Narrator: You will hear a representative from EasyTravel Travel Agency explaining to some customers the benefits of her company. First, you have some time to look at questions 11 to 15. Now listen carefully and answer questions 11 to 15.

Hello everyone. Now, you’re here because you’re interested in travel, right? And you’re in the right place, for at EasyTravel, we have the best deals for the best locations. We specialize in eco-travel, or holidays designed to get you amongst nature, ignoring the hustle and bustle of big cities. So, whether you want to hike in Nepal, as many people do, or follow some jungle paths in the rainforests of Queensland, we can give you the best deal.

If you look at our office here, you’ll see our overseas consultants. That’s for trips overseas, obviously, to Europe, to North America, but primarily for the Asian market, which is generally more popular in this part of the world. Most people like that touch of the orient, right? But they also like the domestic market, since this country offers its fair share of beautiful natural vistas. What about the deserts, anyone? What about some striking red-rock gorges? Then, talk to our domestic consultants, who can arrange anything you want. But they deal with the accounts in the morning, so you’ll need to talk to them in the afternoon. And remember, our office doesn’t open at night, sorry to say.

Now, around the outskirts and outer regions of this city, there are many beautiful places that you might not be aware of. And the advantages of these regional locations are many. Mostly, by being closer, some of them can be done in a day tour. Yes, it’s fast and convenient, with none of those long-haul bus trips which often leave you cramped and uncomfortable, and stuffing heavy suitcases into luggage racks.

But, I should tell you about our buses, those that are needed for the somewhat more distant holiday destinations. They definitely do not suffer from those problems I just mentioned. We use the services of the famous Sleek Line Company, whose buses are known as the very best. Yes, they are big, yes, they are comfortable, but what makes them especially different is the personal attendant, who accompanies the driver, ready and willing to serve you, and ensure that your trip is the very best. So, whether it’s overseas or local, we can certainly give you what you want. Now, do you have any questions?

Narrator: Before you hear the rest of the talk, you have some time to look at questions 16 to 20. Now listen and answer questions 16 to 20.

Right, let me orient you to our main EasyTravel office here. On this table right beside us are travel magazines for you to browse through, and on the wall next to that are many more, for all parts of the world. Our four travel consultants sit over there, on the other side of that long counter. That’s right, four of them, side by side, all serving various regions.

Now, let me tell you their specific functions. Firstly, the consultant on the left, next to the plant, is the ‘Local Tours’ consultant, serving tours in the immediate vicinity of this city. Next to her is what we call ‘Regional Tours’, targeting the state-wide options. Next to her is the ‘Interstate Tours’, and that can involve either buses or planes, in the former case, utilizing the SleekLine Bus service, as you know. And finally, next to her, in the corner, is ‘General Enquiries’, which is self-explanatory. If you have questions of a general nature, rather than one relating to specific destinations, you can go there.

Now, as I said, we can do international tours, and for that, you need our big office, just through that door - the one between those two plants. However, if your international tour is in the Asian region, which is generally our most popular option, then we deal with that in a separate room the one opposite International Tours, but not the corner one. Just go through that door on the left, the one next to that cupboard. The door next to that is, in fact, our General Office, so please don’t go through there. That’s reserved for staff members only.

Narrator: That is the end of section 2. You now have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to section 3 of your listening question booket.

3. Section 3

Narrator: In this section, you will hear two students discussing the Early Childhood Tutorial they’re going to present. First, look at questions 21 to 26. Now listen to the first part of the discussion and answer questions 21 to 26.

Marie: I don't suppose you’ve come up with an idea for our tutorial presentation, have you?

Rose: Well, as a matter of fact, I have. I thought we could talk about the obvious differences we see between the sexes as children grow up.

Marie: Do you mean the differences we see between males and females as a result of the way they are brought up?

Rose: No, I mean the differences that exist from birth.

Marie: That sounds like a lot of work, Rose.

Rose: Not really. Do you remember in our first Early Childhood lecture, we were given a list of differences which were observed in male and female babies and toddlers in the UK?

Marie: I wasn’t here for the first two weeks of the semester remember? I had problems getting my passport.

Rose: Oh, that’s right. Well, it was really fascinating. A group of behavioral scientists in England selected 100 children to observe over a very long period, 20 or 25 years. They were brought up in families who treated girls and boys in the same way - no special treatment for either of the sexes. They observed their play and their reactions to various situations - set up little tests I suppose.

Marie: How old were the children?

Rose: The first, observations were carried out when the babies were only a few hours old. They concluded that girls were more sensitive to touch than boys at that early age!

Marie: How did they end up with that conclusion?

Rose: Well, the lecturer didn’t go into detail. I think he just wanted to get our interest, you know, whet our appetite. There were lots of tests and observations done from soon after birth, right through to their early twenties. I thought we could investigate some of the case studies and then present the results in the tutorial.

Marie: That’s a good idea Rose. It’ll be interesting, but it will also give us the chance to collect information for our end-of-term assignment as well.

Rose: It’ll also be a good opportunity to check out the resources available in the library. I haven't had the chance to spend much time there yet, have you?

Marie: The last four weeks have just been so busy, and of course, I had to catch up on the two weeks that I missed. I haven’t had the chance either. I've heard that the library research staff are really willing to help out.

Rose: Well, we can find out if that’s true or not. We’ll need to make an appointment to see them. Apparently, they’re in high demand.

Marie: We only have two weeks to prepare for this tutorial, so I think we should definitely start as soon as we can. Let's see the tutor this afternoon and tell him about our plan. If he agrees, we can get started on our research.

Rose: OK. I'll go and see the tutor. You can make a booking at the library.

Narrator: Rose goes to the tutor's office to discuss the topic for their tutorial. Before listening to the rest of the conversation, look at Questions 27 to 30.

Rose: Would it be possible to see Jim Clark - one of the Early Childhood tutors?

AA (Admin Assistant): May I ask what it’s about?

Rose: We have to get approval for our tutorial topics in EC 101.

AA: Yes, I thought it might be about that. Unfortunately, Jim had to go to Sydney this week, but he has given me some specific questions to ask about the tutorials.

Rose: Oh, we were hoping to get started on our research. We’ve only got two weeks.

AA: Don’t worry. Jim’s phoning in twice a day. If you give me the details, I can give you an answer by tomorrow morning.

Rose: That’s great. We are planning to present some case studies that were undertaken by a group of...

AA: Hang on. I just need a few short details. Let me see, I have to write down what the subject of the tutorial is.

Rose: OK. I guess the topic is gender and when the sexes start to act differently.

AA: So, is it about how male and female children are different? What can I write here, next to TOPIC?

Rose: Well, what about “How the sexes differ"?

AA: OK. I’ll put that down as your topic. Jim also wants to know the aim of your tutorial.

Rose: Well, there are two aims, I suppose. The first is to show how they differ. But the other point we want to make is that the differences are innate, not learned.

AA: To show that differences between the sexes are innate, not learned. Right, that’s the hard part. Now I need to know the date, time, and room of your tutorial.

Rose: It’s in two weeks - let’s see, that’ll be Tuesday 26th, at 11 a.m. We are in Room B1203.

AA: And do you need any AV material?

Rose: What does AV mean?

AA: Audio-visual. You know, TV, video, tape-recorder, overhead projector - that kind of thing.

Rose: I hadn’t thought of that. Guess we’ll need an overhead projector. We haven’t really started planning our tutorial yet, we just wanted to get initial approval from Jim.

AA: Never mind. You can always cancel the projector if you don’t need it. Jim will phone in the morning. Do you want to come and see me then or I can phone you if you like?

Rose: I have a lecture from 8 to 10 tomorrow morning, so I’ll drop by after it finishes.

AA: Right, I’ll see you then.

Narrator: That is the end of section 3. You now have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to section 4.

4. Section 4

Narrator: You will hear part of an Earth Sciences lecture. First, you have some time to look at questions 31 to 40. Listen carefully and answer questions 31 to 40.

Good afternoon and welcome to this Earth Sciences lecture. Today we’re going to look at tidal waves or more correctly - tsunami.

Deep below the ocean’s surface tectonic plates collide, and every once in a while, these forces produce an earthquake. The energy of such submarine earthquakes can produce tidal waves, which radiate out in all directions from the epicentre of the quake, moving at speeds of up to 500 miles per hour. When these waves reach shore, they can cause enormous destruction and loss of life. Tidal waves are actually miss-named. They are not caused by tides. A more accurate word for them is the Japanese name tsunami, which means, harbour wave. They are also sometimes called seismic sea waves, since they can be caused by seismic disturbances such as submarine quakes. However, that name is not really accurate either, since tsunami can also be caused by landslides, volcanic eruptions, nuclear explosions, and even impacts of objects from outer space, such as meteorites, asteroids, and comets.

Earthquakes though are the largest cause of tsunami. Tectonic plates cover the world’s surface and their movement can be detected anywhere in the world. Some areas of the world are more prone to a greater movement, and it is in these places that the largest waves can occur. Large vertical movements of the earth’s crust occur at plate boundaries which are known as faults. The Pacific Ocean’s denser oceanic plates are often known to slip under continental plates in a process known as subduction, and subduction earthquakes are the most effective in generating tsunamis.

A tsunami can be generated by any disturbance that displaces a large water mass from its equilibrium position. In the case of earthquake-generated tsunamis, the water column is disturbed by the uplift or subsidence of the seafloor. Submarine landslides, which often accompany large earthquakes, as well as collapses of volcanic edifices, can also disturb the overlying water column as sediment and rock slump down, and are redistributed across the seafloor. Submarine volcanic eruptions can create an impulsive force that uplifts the water column and generates a tsunami. Conversely, super marine landslides and cosmic body impacts disturb the water from above, as momentum from falling debris is transferred to the water into which the debris falls. Generally speaking, tsunamis generated from these mechanisms, unlike the devastating Pacific-wide tsunamis caused by earthquakes, dissipate quickly and rarely affect coastlines distant from the source area.

Tsunamis are very hard to detect since they cannot be seen when they are in the deep ocean. The distance between two wave crests can be 500 kilometres and, because of this, the wave height is only a few feet. Because the rate at which a wave loses its energy is inversely related to its wavelength, tsunamis not only propagate at high speeds, they can also travel great, transoceanic distances with limited energy losses. As the tsunami reaches shallow water, however, its speed decreases, but the energy it contains remains about the same. Instead of travelling fast, the wave rises high.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has set up a seismic detection system to monitor earthquakes and predict the possible arrival of tidal waves for Pacific countries. Buoys at sea can also detect water pressure changes that can indicate tsunamis moving through the ocean. But when tsunamis originate near the shore, there is often little chance to warn people.

Let’s look at some examples of tsunami and their causes and effects. Some can be relatively harmless. In 1992, an offshore landslide caused a tidal wave of only about 3 feet high that struck at low tide, so Humboldt County, where it hit, got off easy with no casualties. On January 13th in 1992, a Pacific Ocean earthquake off the coast of San Salvador, registering 7.6 on the Richter scale, did not cause any ocean disturbance at all.

However, a recent tidal wave, which struck Papua New Guinea on July 17th, 1998, was 23-feet high and killed at least 1200 people. This wave was caused by a magnitude 7.1 submarine earthquake.

On July 17, 1998, a Papua New Guinea tsunami killed roughly 3,000 people. A huge underwater volcanic eruption 15 miles offshore was followed within 10 minutes by a wave some 40 feet tall. The villages of Arop and Warapu were destroyed. One of the worst tsunami disasters engulfed whole villages along Sanriku, Japan, in 1896. An underwater earthquake induced a wave of 35 feet drowning some 26,000 people.

Finally, about 8,000 years ago, a massive undersea landslide off the coast of Norway sent a 30-foot wall of water barreling into the uninhabited northern coast of Europe. If this were to recur today, as scientists say it could, almost anywhere in the world, it would cost billions if not tens of billions of dollars to repair the damage to coastal cities and kill tens of thousands of people.

Narrator:That is the end of section 4. You now have half a minute to check your answers.

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